Male factor infertility is one of the most common causes of infertility. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
Infertility affects more than 40 million couples worldwide. It’s not just a woman’s problem – men also have a role to play. Find out what they should know about male factor infertility.
Male factor infertility is a condition where a man has trouble getting or staying pregnant. There are many different types of male factor infertility. Learn about them here.
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Male factor infertility – Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
Infertility is a common condition in which a couple has difficulty becoming pregnant. In many cases, the cause of infertility is unknown—but it can also occur due to problems with the male partner. Male infertility can be caused by a lack of sperm in the semen or abnormal sperm. It’s important for doctors to understand if your partner is at risk for developing this type of infertility because it could affect his ability to father children later on in life (it’s rare but possible).
Causes and diagnosis of male factor infertility
Male factor infertility is the most common cause of male infertility. The problem with sperm production or sperm function is called a testicular disorder, and it can be caused by a number of different things:
- Low sperm count
- Poor sperm quality (it’s not as good as it should be)
- Abnormalities in your chromosomes such as undescended testicles or polyspermy (having too many sets of chromosomes).
Testicular disorders are usually treatable. Sometimes sperm production is low because of a problem with your pituitary gland, which regulates the hormones that control your testicles. Surgery to remove the pituitary gland may be able to correct this problem and increase your sperm count.
You may also need a hormone replacement to boost your sperm production. The doctor may recommend that you take testosterone or human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).
If you have a problem with your chromosomes, you may need to be treated with radiation or chemotherapy. These treatments can sometimes correct the problem, but they can also cause infertility in themselves.
The doctor may also recommend surgery to remove your testes. This will prevent any new sperm from being produced and ensure that you don’t have any more children. However, it’s only an option if you’re sure that you don’t want any more children because it will make it impossible for you to father any more children in the future.
If you have a problem with your chromosomes, you may need to be treated with radiation or chemotherapy. These treatments can sometimes correct the problem, but they can also cause infertility in themselves. The doctor may also recommend surgery to remove your testes. This will prevent any new sperm from being produced and ensure that you don’t have any more children. However, it’s only an option if you’re sure that you don’t want any more children because it will make it impossible for you to father any more children in the future.
Male factor often involves a lack of sperm in the semen, or abnormal sperm.
If you have male-factor infertility, your doctor will be able to make a diagnosis based on your symptoms.
- Semen: The volume and quality of semen may be affected by the problem. Your doctor may recommend further testing if there is no improvement after treatment for other causes of infertility has been tried.
- Sperm count: Sperm counts (also called “sperms”) are usually low in men with male factor infertility due to problems with their sperm production or movement within the testes (the Wolffian ducts). This can make it difficult for them to produce normal-looking semen that contains healthy sperm cells capable of fertilizing an egg during intercourse with their partner’s female reproductive organs (ovaries).
Your doctor may recommend further testing if there is no improvement after treatment for other causes of infertility has been tried.
Tests for male factor infertility include Semen analysis: This is a simple test that measures the volume, color, and shape of your semen.
It also checks for the presence of sperm. This can be done by either asking you to provide a semen sample in a special container or by collecting it during masturbation. Testosterone levels: Testosterone is produced by your testes, which are located inside your scrotum (the sac of skin between your legs). It controls many male characteristics, including muscle development and sex drive. Testosterone levels tend to drop slowly with age, which may contribute to infertility problems in older men.
Your doctor can check your testosterone levels by performing a blood test.
Tests for female infertility include: Pelvic exam: This exam checks your reproductive organs for any abnormalities. It can help diagnose infections or blockages that may be causing infertility.
Hormone testing: Hormones play a big role in fertility. Your doctor can check your levels of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone to see if they are normal and check estrogen levels if you have irregular periods.
Treatment of male factor infertility
Treatment of male factor infertility depends on the cause of your infertility. Medications can sometimes help with male factor issues, but surgery is typically required for some causes.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) can be an effective treatment for severe male-factor infertility, especially if you have been trying unsuccessfully to conceive for a long time or have had previous unsuccessful IUI attempts at another clinic. IUI involves using sperm from another man who has produced healthy sperm in his testicles and epididymis to fertilize your eggs inside your uterus via one of two methods: microsurgical insemination or conventional surgical procedures like aspiration techniques and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Intrauterine insemination is a fertility treatment used when your male partner’s sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer of an egg. IUI involves placing sperm inside the uterus near where it meets the fallopian tubes to increase the chances of conception.
IUI is commonly used as a first-line treatment for couples with male factor infertility. It can also be used for women who have been diagnosed with endometriosis or cervical scarring that makes it difficult for sperm to move through the fallopian tubes.
At our fertility clinic, we offer intrauterine insemination as a treatment option for couples who have been trying unsuccessfully to conceive and are unable to do so due to male infertility factors. Intrauterine insemination is a fertility treatment used when your male partner’s sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer of an egg.
Treatment options depend on the cause of infertility.
Treatment options depend on the cause of infertility. If you are experiencing male factor infertility, your doctor will first check for a semen analysis and determine if there are any issues with the quality or quantity of your sperm. If this isn’t the case, tests can be done to see if there is any blockage in your reproductive tract that might be causing problems with ovulation (when an egg releases from one of a woman’s ovaries).
If you are experiencing female factor infertility, your doctor will look into the structure and function of your reproductive organs. A pelvic sonogram can be done to check for any abnormalities in the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.
Medications can sometimes help with male factor infertility.
Medications can sometimes help with male infertility. The most common medication is Clomid, which is a hormone produced by your pituitary gland. It stimulates the production of sperm by making it possible for them to swim faster and produce more semen.
Clomid needs to be taken orally and has been shown to improve fertility in men with low sperm counts or poor motility (the ability of sperm cells to move).
Low testosterone levels can also be a contributing factor to male infertility. Testosterone is a hormone produced by your testicles that plays an important role in sperm health and development. If you have low testosterone, it’s best to work with your doctor to find the right treatment plan for you.
Surgery can be used to treat some causes of male factor infertility.
Surgery can be used to treat some causes of male factor infertility.
Surgery is often necessary in order to treat a varicocele, blockage in the tubes or low sperm count. A varicocele is a swelling in one or both testicles caused by an abnormal amount of blood flow that affects the testicle and increases its size. In some cases, this can cause pain and infertility problems. Surgery may also be recommended if there is no improvement after trying other treatments such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
A blockage in one or both tubes carrying sperm from one testicle to another will cause some men to have trouble conceiving naturally with their partner’s sperm due to pressure build-up within these tubes during ejaculation which leads up until conception occurs via intercourse between two people who both have healthy reproductive organs capable of producing offspring! Blockages occur when either side gets blocked off somehow causing no movement whatsoever between them; therefore preventing fertilization even though they’re still connected physically.”
A low sperm count is when there are less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. This can be caused by many different factors including:
ICSI can be an effective treatment for severe male factor infertility.
ICSI (in-cycling sperm injection) is a fertility treatment for men with severe male factor infertility. It involves injecting a single sperm directly into an egg, thereby bypassing the need for any other process such as IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
ICSI is not as effective as IVF but it can be successful if you have low levels of motility, no more than 30%. It’s also less expensive than IVF and more convenient because there isn’t much preparation required prior to treatment.
IVF is more effective than ICSI and it’s also less expensive, but it requires hormone injections and time off work. It’s also more invasive because you have to be put under general anesthesia during the procedure.
There are some risks associated with ICSI too, such as an increased chance of having twins or triplets and a slightly higher risk of miscarriage compared to IVF.
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Also, see the separate article about Intrauterine Insemination (IUI).
IUI (intrauterine insemination) is a form of artificial insemination that tests the fertility of sperm by placing them directly into the uterus. It allows you to have intercourse without having to time it or worry about timing your partner’s ovulation cycle. This procedure can be used if your doctor has determined that your partner’s sperm count is low or if his sperm are not moving well enough for conception.
IUI should only be used for couples who have been trying to conceive for at least one year, as it takes time for both partners’ bodies and hormones to adapt before an embryo can be implanted into the uterus successfully
. There are a number of reasons why you may want to see an infertility specialist. You may have been trying to conceive for one year and have not yet had success, or your doctor may have already performed some tests on either partner and found that something is wrong with your reproductive system.
We hope this article has helped you understand the basics of male factor infertility and its causes. If you have questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact our staff at [email protected]. We are here to help!